Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycaemia, the presence of high glucose level in the blood. The level of glucose in the blood is regulated by the insulin hormone. Impaired production, action or both, of insulin, increases the glucose level in the blood leading to hyperglycaemia and uncontrolled hyperglycaemia damages various organ systems of the body including the cardiovascular system, eyes, kidneys, nerves and blood vessels.  Thus, timely detection and management of the blood glucose level at normal is crucial to prevent long term serious complications of diabetes.

Diabetes is classified into five types based on the cause or treatment approaches:

Related Topics:

  • The Royal Australasian College of Physicians
  • American Thyroid Association
  • The Endocrine Society of Australia
  • Endocrine Society
  • Asia & Oceania Thyroid Association